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Year 1 Maths Curriculum Expectations

Here are the National Curriculum expectations for children in Year 1

Number and place value

§ count to and across 100, forwards and backwards, beginning with 0 or 1, or from any given number

§ count, read and write numbers to 100 in numerals; count in multiples of twos, fives and tens

§ given a number, identify one more and one less

§ identify and represent numbers using objects and pictorial representations including the number line, and use the language of: equal to, more than, less than (fewer), most, least

§ read and write numbers from 1 to 20 in numerals and words

Addition and subtraction

§ read, write and interpret mathematical statements involving addition (+), subtraction  (-) and equals (=) signs

§ represent and use number bonds and related subtraction facts within 20

§ add and subtract one-digit and two-digit numbers to 20, including zero

§ solve one-step problems that involve addition and subtraction, using concrete objects and pictorial representations, and missing number problems such as 7 = - 9

Multiplication and Division

§ solve one-step problems involving multiplication and division, by calculating the answer using concrete objects, pictorial representations and arrays with the support of the teacher


§ recognise, find and name a half as one of two equal parts of an object, shape or quantity

§ recognise, find and name a quarter as one of four equal parts of an object, shape or quantity


§ compare, describe and solve practical problems for:

  • lengths and heights (for example, long/short, longer/shorter, tall/short, double/half)
  • mass / weight (for example, heavy/light, heavier than, lighter than)
  • capacity and volume (full/empty, more than, less than, half, half full, quarter)
  • time (quicker, slower, earlier, later)

§ measure and begin to record the following:

  • lengths and heights
  • mass/weight
  • capacity and volume
  • time (hours, minutes,     seconds)

§ recognise and know the value of different denominations of coins and notes

§ sequence events in chronological order using language (for example, before and after, next, first, today, yesterday, tomorrow, morning, afternoon and evening)

  • recognise and use language relating to dates, including days of the week, weeks, months and years
  • tell the time to the hour and half past the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times

Geometry: properties of shapes

§ recognise and name common 2-D and 3-D shapes, including:

  • 2-D shapes [for example, rectangles (including squares), circles and triangles]
  • 3-D shapes [for example, cuboids (including cubes), pyramids and spheres]

Geometry: position and direction

§ describe position, direction and movement, including whole, half, quarter and three-quarter turns

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